Working on the grammar archives.

Day One: The Preposition Tree



The Secret Marking Code


#2 Let’s agree on a key for marking up our grammar pages.



Try it out.

The Secret Marking Code

#3 Adjectival phrases – a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronoun.

The boy [on stage] was about to sing.

Our salad [with cucumbers and lettuce] tasted delicious.

Check out the 1 minute video on the PowToon page for adjectival phrases.

#4 Adverbial Phrases – a prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb.

Guiding Questions: How? When? Where? Why? To what extent? Under what condition?

[On Tuesday,] AP students will take a grammar test.

We will travel [to NYC] [by bus].

#5 Gerunds

Gerunds are verbal phrases that end in “ing” and function as nouns.  They have five forms:

  • Subject: ing + main verb
  • Direct Object: subject + main verb = “ing” (answers who/what receives action of verb)
  • Indirect Object: begin with direct object, then ask “to whom?” or “for whom?” = “ing”
  • Object of Preposition: Preposition + “ing”
  • Predicate Nominative: Linking verb + “ing”

A gerund in the subject form must conjugate verbs. 

Flirting with Nelson can be dangerous.

Boxing is my favorite sport.

# 6 Basic Grammar Review – Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

Review of Transitive and Intransitive Verbs & D.O.’s

Check out the Flipped page for the PowToon videos.

#7 Direct Object Gerunds

Subject (S) + Main Verb (MV) + (ing)

Who or what receives the action of the main verb?

Thomas enjoys hitting baseballs.

Madelyn’s hobbies include texting and dancing.


#8 Gerund as Object of Preposition

Preposition + “ing” verb (gerund)

Ex. By examining, in preparing, after using, for being


In preparing for the exam, my head exploded.

Monica thanked Sierra for sending a card.


#9 Predicate Nominative Gerund


# 10 Linking Verbs vs. Helping Verbs


#11 Participial Phrases



#12 Infinitive Phrases